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Posted by on May 24, 2021 in By Eric | 2 comments

Future Rabbis Partly Right, Mostly Wrong on Israel

Published in The Times of Israel, May 24, 2021, 6:03 pm


With a cease-fire finally in place, it is time to look closely at what almost 100 future American rabbis and cantors have said about the hostilities that have been devastating Gaza, Israel, and the West Bank over the last several weeks.

In a public letter to the Jewish community, published at the height of the war and reported on in the JTA, the rabbis-to-be and cantors-to-be from a half dozen non-Orthodox seminaries have expressed exceedingly harsh criticism of Israel and the American Jewish community.

This letter tells us a lot about America’s future Jewish leadership and its relationship to Israel.  It is good news in some ways but exceedingly bad news in others.

The letter is well-intentioned, brimming with a passion for justice, and it is right on many things.  Its authors should be applauded for its urgent tone, its demand for human rights for Palestinians, its condemnation of threats to annex the territories, and its impatience with the hypocrisy of Israeli leaders and the inaction of their American Jewish supporters.

Israel, the letter says, must cease subjecting the Palestinians to indignity and violence, and must be held accountable for its policies.  And American Jewish institutions must move beyond platitudes and work for justice for Palestinians.  The letter calls on American Jews to redirect their philanthropy in more equitable ways and to vote for politicians who will use their power to “regulate and redirect” government dollars in order to promote a peaceful future.

The good news about the letter is that it conveys the pain and dismay that many young American Jews feel about Israeli policies, especially during the Netanyahu years.  While its language is at times extreme and it says some things that I would never say, its fundamental message to the leaders of Israel is: “You have been asking us to explain and justify your policies to ourselves, to our families, to our friends, and to the world, but we are simply unable to do so.”

And who can blame them?

I think of the questions that I have for Mr. Netanyahu, who is completing 12 consecutive years as Israel’s Prime Minister:

Why the endless settlement building and the creeping annexationism?

Why the neglect of minority groups and the periodic dabbling in religious hatred?

Why the support for fanatics Ben-Gvir, Avi Maoz, and Bezalel Smotrich, who sit in the Knesset spouting bigotry and contempt for Arabs?

Why the tolerance for the thuggery of hilltop youth in the territories and for crime and violence in Arab communities in Israel?

Why the claim that Jerusalem is “unified” when its Arab residents lack full rights and Israeli citizenship?

Why the push for a nation-state bill that was certain to offend every non-Jewish Israeli?

And on and on.  I have been involved in Israel and Zionist affairs for four decades, and I cannot answer even one of these questions.  Surely it is no surprise that young Jews, mostly in their twenties, are similarly perplexed, and indignant that the Jewish state and its leaders appear so detached from their most deeply held Jewish values and beliefs.

And now for the bad news.

I can understand and accept occasional intemperate language from idealistic young Jews who believe, as do I, in a Judaism rooted in social justice.  But while I can make allowances for most of what is said, I am far less accepting of what is not said.

And what is not said by these 100 soon-to-be rabbis and soon-to-be cantors is very troubling indeed.

There is barely a hint in the letter of a love for Zion, or a reference to Zionism’s essential tasks.  “The Jewish heart is in the holy land,” said Yehudah Halevy, meaning our hearts as well.  Would it have been so difficult to reference that love in unequivocal terms?  Or to assert that there needs to be a place on this earth where Jews can walk down the street without fear of attack, and without running from hoodlums and killers?

And more serious still:  While there is a comprehensive critique of Israeli policies, the letter does not contain a single reference to the actions of Hamas or to the plight and despair of Israeli civilians.  These are the people who, throughout the period of Hamas’ rule, have been fleeing to shelters, avoiding as best they can the indiscriminate shelling of innocents in which Hamas so delights.  The letter makes frequent references to tears but is missing any element of compassion for their fellow Jews who have been terrorized and traumatized for almost 15 years.  Every death of a Palestinian civilian rends the heart—every single one.  But Hamas missiles falling on Jewish civilians are not, as some would have it, an unfortunate inconvenience; they are a terrifying threat.

This omission is stunning to me.  The only explanation given comes from Frankie Sandmel, a rabbinic student at the non-denominational Hebrew College, in the JTA story.  While not claiming to speak for the group, Sandmel states that “…as an American Jew who has never lived in Gaza or the West Bank, I don’t feel like I have ground to stand on to try to influence how Palestinians respond to oppression.”

But this is a non-answer, and more important, in a moral document, it is a gaping moral fudge.

The heart of Torah’s moral doctrine is that there is no such thing as selective morality.  Jews cannot study moral teachings and profess to take them seriously, and then exempt themselves, or the Jewish state, from the moral precepts that bind us all.  That is the point of the letter, and the reason for its power.

But it works the other way.  Neither Jews nor anyone else can excuse Hamas—or any other Palestinians — from normal standards of moral judgment.  To do so is to patronize them and to separate them from humanity.

To the Palestinians, and to Hamas in particular, we must say:  Enough.  Yes, the Palestinian people are hurting.  Yes, Palestinians are suffering.  And we know, too, that there are Palestinians who yearn for peace.  But no more excuses.  Bloodshed is unacceptable.  Terror is unacceptable.  Firing missiles from launchers near civilian homes and schools is unacceptable.  To suggest otherwise is to remove yourself from the moral universe inhabited by civilized people everywhere.

To include these points in the letter would not have weakened it in any way.  To the contrary, the letter would have been immeasurably strengthened.

And there is one other point that deserves mention.  As noted by Tomer Persico, an Israeli scholar now teaching at UC Berkeley, Israel’s sins in the letter are largely framed as matters of Israeli racism (“racist violence, “ “apartheid”).  It is natural enough that American Jews are, at this time, especially sensitive to concerns about racial prejudice, given the profound problems of racism that afflict American society.  Nonetheless, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is not now, and has never been, primarily a conflict about race.  It is a conflict of competing nationalisms with religious overtones and to present it in racial terms fundamentally misrepresents what it is about.  Surely it is not too much to expect young progressive Jews in positions of leadership to know the difference.

Was the middle of the conflict the best time to send such a letter?  Probably not.  And the priority now, in my view, is to be sure that the cease-fire is respected and the immediate humanitarian crisis in Gaza is addressed.  But then, all parties must turn at once to the complex issues of reconciling Israelis and Palestinians, both within Israel and in the territories.  And Palestinian sins absolutely do not exempt Israel from the need to act.

And I repeat:  Israel’s hands are not clean.  Bibi Netanyahu and the right-wing sycophants that surround him have led Israel astray.  Israel needs a new government that will seek out peace; an American government that will insist on peace; and an American Jewish community that will not settle for rhetoric but will demand concrete steps toward peace.

It is my wish that all American Jews will participate in this agenda, and that their rabbis and cantors will encourage them.  The students who wrote the letter will soon be numbered among these religious leaders.  My hope is that they will continue their work for peace, but that additional letters that they might write will be more constructive, more balanced, and more just.


  1. Hi Eric,
    I read your sobering article, published in the Times of Israel on May 24, 2021. flagging a worrisome situation warranting immediate attention.
    Your article in reaction to a letter reported in the JTA on May 14, 2021 ( in which, at the time, in the midst of an active, life & death, military conflict between Hamas and Israel, with hundreds of rockets being launched at Israel each day, exclusively targeting Israeli civilians, nearly 90 rabbinical students criticized Israel’s policies and management of its relationship with the Palestinians.

    As we live in a democracy we respect the right of free speech and protest. There is no question that there are many critical, legal, political and moral issues regarding Israeli Arabs and Palestinians in desperate need of resolution. There is no question that the pursuit of social justice & diplomacy have been stalled far too long and that the need for an Israeli government that can effectively deal with these matters is long overdue, but there is a time and a place for everything. In Israel, during this period of conflict no one talked politics because we were at war, we needed to unite to confront the mortal threat against Christians, Moslems, Jews and others in Israel imposed upon them, each day during the war.

    Now, after rockets have ceased landing in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and other areas, subsequently injuring and killing Israeli Arabs, Palestinians & Jews, and retaliatory fire into Gaza has been suspended we need and must find an equitable diplomatic solution.

    In every military conflict there are always political & tactical events that lead to escalation and eventually an attack. However, there is always only one attacker. In this case, as in many before, it was Hamas. Who is Hamas, what do they believe in?, what do they want?
    Are they acting in the best interests and well-being of the Palestinian people in a reasonable manner acceptable to most societies of the free world?

    The Nazi party also came to power through an electoral process however did this entitle them to carry out immoral policies?

    Have the signatories of the letter read Hamas’ charter?

    The following are some excerpts from Hamas’ charter which can be read in its entirety in the link that follows. (Translation: Yale University Law School):

    “The Day of Judgement will not come about until Moslems fight the Jews (killing the Jews), when the Jew will hide behind stones and trees. The stones and trees will say O Moslems, O Abdulla, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him… ”

    “Initiatives, and so-called peaceful solutions and international conferences, are in contradiction to the principles of the Islamic Resistance Movement.”
    “Israel will exist and will continue to exist until Islam will obliterate it, just as it obliterated others before it.”
    “There is no solution for the Palestinian question except through Jihad. Initiatives, proposals and international conferences are all a waste of time and vain endeavors…”
    “With their (Jews) money, they took control of the world media, news agencies, the press, publishing houses, broadcasting stations, and others. With their money they stirred revolutions in various parts of the world with the purpose of achieving their interests and reaping the fruit therein. They were behind the French Revolution, the Communist revolution and most of the revolutions we heard and hear about, here and there. With their money they formed secret societies, such as Freemasons, Rotary Clubs, the Lions and others in different parts of the world for the purpose of sabotaging societies and achieving Zionist interests. With their money they were able to control imperialistic countries and instigate them to colonize many countries in order to enable them to exploit their resources and spread corruption there.
    You may speak as much as you want about regional and world wars. They were behind World War I, when they were able to destroy the Islamic Caliphate, making financial gains and controlling resources. They obtained the Balfour Declaration, formed the League of Nations through which they could rule the world. They were behind World War II, through which they made huge financial gains by trading in armaments, and paved the way for the establishment of their state. It was they who instigated the replacement of the League of Nations with the United Nations and the Security Council to enable them to rule the world through them. There is no war going on anywhere, without having their finger in it.”
    Hamas Covenant 1988 • 38 min read


  2. You have penned a most compelling and articulate discussion of our ethical concerns and tugs on our conscience. As usual, we look to you as our leader in thought and deed.

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